Grammar Series, Part 2 of 5: Adjectives
An adjective is defined as a word that describes or clarifies a noun. It gives information about size, shape, age, colour or material. Whether singular or plural an adjective stays in the same form. They are used to give opinions or factual information about words in a sentence. The difference between an adverb and an adjective is that the adjective provides information about a noun whereas an adverb clarifies a verb. There are comparative and superlative adjectives to replace irregular and confusing adjectives.
Common endings for an adjective include:
- -able/-ible – adorable, invisible, responsible, uncomfortable
- -al – educational, gradual, illegal, nocturnal, viral
- -an – American, Mexican, urban
- -ar – cellular, popular, spectacular, vulgar
- -ent – intelligent, potent, silent, violent
- -ful – harmful, powerful, tasteful, thoughtful
- -ic/-ical – athletic, energetic, magical, scientific
- -ine – bovine, canine, equine, feminine, masculine
- -ile – agile, docile, fertile, virile
- -ive – informative, native, talkative
- -less – careless, endless, homeless, timeless
- -ous – cautious, dangerous, enormous, malodorous
- -some – awesome, handsome, lonesome, wholesome
The different types of adjectives are as follows:
- Numeric: One, two, etc.
- Quantitative: Half, all, some, etc.
- Qualitative: Color, size, smell, etc.
- Possessive: His, her, your etc.
- Interrogative: What, which, whose etc.
- Demonstrative: This, that, these etc.